ILMS - Institute of Legal and Management Studies

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Protecting identity under the POSH Act, 2013

Protecting identity under the POSH Act, 2013

Recently, the POSH Act came into limelight once again when Abha Singh, a lawyer, filed a plea in the Supreme...

10 Landmark Judgement nn Deficiency of Service -Under New Consumer Act

10 Landmark Judgement nn Deficiency of Service ...

The Consumer Protection Act of 2019, which comprehensively revised the existing laws was signed into law on August 9, 2019....

Difference between courts, special courts and tribunals

Difference between courts, special courts and t...

Millions of people across the world knock the doors of justice every year in the hope that the unlawful act...

What is Writ Jurisdiction of The Court?

What is Writ Jurisdiction of The Court?

Introduction: As per common law, the formal written order issued by a body with administrative or judicial jurisdiction is called...

Right to be forgotten and right to privacy

Right to be forgotten and right to privacy

Right to privacy is an integral part of human life and has got constitutional recognition under Article 21 of the...

Suo moto cognizance by judiciary

Suo moto cognizance by judiciary

Suo moto cognizance means the power of the court to take up cases on its own. Article 32 and Article...

Fathima Beevi India’s First Woman Judge in the Supreme Court of India

Fathima Beevi India’s First Woman Judge in the ...

Recently, Indian Judiciary elevated 3 women judges were elevated to the Supreme Court of India. Justice Fathima Beevi climbed the...

Step by step guide to bail application

Step by step guide to bail application

Whenever a person is arrested, the next step is to get a bail. One might have come across several news...

Bombay High Court lays down new guidelines for media reporting and public disclosure of matters under POSH Act

Bombay High Court lays down new guidelines for ...

Section 23 (2) of Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012 (hereinafter referred as POSCO Act) condemns the disclosure...

Laws against Mental Cruelty in India

Laws against Mental Cruelty in India

We all might be familiar with the #Metoo movement which revealed several incidents of mental abuse or sexual harassment since...

Recent Amendments in Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996

Recent Amendments in Arbitration and Conciliati...

With the main objective of making India a hub for national and international arbitration and to enable faster resolution of...

Witness Protection in India

Witness Protection in India

Witness protection is of utmost importance as that of a victim as without witnesses the justice delivery system is likely...

Exceptions under Right to Information Act, 2005

Exceptions under Right to Information Act, 2005

Right to information sought has certain exceptions such as public interest, friendly relations with state and also personal information which...

Kerala High Court legalizes online rummy

Kerala High Court legalizes online rummy

Recently Kerala High Court legalized online rummy which was banned by the Kerala Gaming Act, 1960. Though rummy was excluded...

Marital Rape in India

Marital Rape in India

Marital rape is a non- criminalized crime yet a heinous offence over- looked by the legislators as an exemption. Marriage...

Bail provisions under NDPS Act

Bail provisions under NDPS Act

The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances Act, 1985 is one such legislation which regulates and prohibits the consumption, sale, use...

Essential elements of free consent in view of contract act

Essential elements of free consent in view of c...

Introduction: Consent that is freely given is referred to as free consent. According to Section 14 of the Indian Contract...

Right to Privacy as a Fundamental Right

Right to Privacy as a Fundamental Right

Introduction The Oxford dictionary defines privacy as “a state in which one is not observed or disturbed by other people”...

Personal information sought under RTI Act

Personal information sought under RTI Act

Right to privacy and Right to information are the two important sides of a democratic set- up yet they are...

Advocates Protection Bill, 2021

Advocates Protection Bill, 2021

In the light of the rising number of violence’s and atrocities against lawyers or their family members, the bill is...

Biography of Justice N. V Ramana

Biography of Justice N. V Ramana

Justice N. V Ramana was sworned the 48th Chief Justice of India and his journey from a student leader to...

Reporting and Public Disclosure of matters under POSH Act - Bombay HC guidelines

Reporting and Public Disclosure of matters unde...

Bombay High Court lays down new guidelines for media reporting and public disclosure of matters under POSH Act Section 23...

Application of Income versus Diversion of Income

Application of Income versus Diversion of Income

The Income Tax Act, 1961 deals essentially with the imposing of taxes, exemptions and procedure to be followed therewith. The...

Foreclosure under Transfer of Property Act, 1882

Foreclosure under Transfer of Property Act, 1882

While there are several ways to secure a loan one must be really careful before taking a loan. There are...

Gift under Transfer of Property Act, 1882: Essential elements and kinds

Gift under Transfer of Property Act, 1882: Esse...

We all might have received or given gifts on several occasions, it’s a gesture of how much we care about...

Online Legal Courses

Online Legal Courses

ONLINE LEGAL COURSES ARE HELPFUL In the modern era, we are very keen to the technologies. The technologies were slowly...

Case analysis - Zee Entertainment Enterprises vs Ameya Vinod Khopkar

Case analysis - Zee Entertainment Enterprises v...

By Sameera Arif Bench: B.P. Colabawalla The controversy in this suit had risen out of the production of the movie...

Class action in Consumer Act

Class action in Consumer Act

‘Consumer’ is a class or group of people who buys any kind of goods or physical products for consumption and...

What are Quasi-Contracts?

What are Quasi-Contracts?

The term 'quasi' means 'pseudo.' As a result, a Quasi-contract may also be a pseudo-contract. A substantial contract is often...

Safeguards against arbitrary arrest and detention

Safeguards against arbitrary arrest and detention

According to procedure established by law, no person can be deprived of his life or personal liberty. Article 21 of...

Culpable Homicide (Section 299 and 300)

Culpable Homicide (Section 299 and 300)

Homicide is derived from the Latin words’ homo, which means man, and cedere, which means to cut or kill. Culpable...

PRINCIPLE OF DAMNUM SINE INJURIA AND INJURIA SINE DAMNUM

PRINCIPLE OF DAMNUM SINE INJURIA AND INJURIA SI...

Maxim refers to well-known principles and prepositions. That is the general set of rules, principles, or guidelines that must be...

Work from home and prevention of sexual harassment

Work from home and prevention of sexual harassment

- Nathalia M Fenwick The covid-19 induced pandemic has lead to a paradigm shift in the way we work. Work...

Power of Judicial Magistrate

Power of Judicial Magistrate

Introduction The judiciary is a constitutional body that safeguards citizens' rights. This is the ultimate authority when it comes to...

Doctrine of Lis Pendens

Doctrine of Lis Pendens

The doctrine of lis pendens is recognized in India under Section 52 of the Transfer of Property Act, 1882. This...

103rd Amendment Act, 2019

103rd Amendment Act, 2019

The recent constitutional amendment Act, 2019 amends Articles 15 and 16 and pays way for reservation of economically backward classes....

Regulation of OTT platforms in India

Regulation of OTT platforms in India

It was only recently that Over The Top platforms (OTT) became a major source of entertainment for the people and...

Force Majeure and Frustration of Contracts

Force Majeure and Frustration of Contracts

As the world-wide pandemic continues, every single activity of our day to day life is severely disrupted however with the...

Euthanasia: Right to die under Article 21 of Indian Constitution

Euthanasia: Right to die under Article 21 of In...

The right to die and its legality is a concept that is much debated around the world even today. There...

Wages under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948

Wages under the Minimum Wages Act, 1948

The Minimum Wages Act, 1948 is one of the comprehensive Central legislation which provides for the fixation and periodical revision...

10 Major Labor Laws in India

10 Major Labor Laws in India

-Nathalia M Fenwick In the words of Abraham Lincoln, “Labor is prior to, and independent of, capital. Capital is only...

Corporate Veil in Company Law

Corporate Veil in Company Law

It is a known fact that a Company is a ‘separate legal entity’, which is distinct from its shareholders and...

Landmark judgments on Copyright

Landmark judgments on Copyright

-by Nathalia M Fenwick In India law relating to copyright is governed by the Copyright Act, 1957. Copyright is generally...

Importance of Human Resource Management in an Organization’s growth

Importance of Human Resource Management in an O...

Description- HRM is the brains of an organization which helps to procure, maintain and develop the human resources of the...

RULE OF HARMONIOUS CONSTRUCTION

RULE OF HARMONIOUS CONSTRUCTION

INTERPRETATION OF STATUTES “No law or ordinance is mightier than understanding.” – Plato The art of discovering the true meaning...

Analysis of Honor Killing with reference to Shakti Vahini v. Union of India

Analysis of Honor Killing with reference to Sha...

by Nathalia M Fenwick Even after 74 years of India gaining independence, can we really say that all the citizens...

Bar to seek ‘personal’ information under RTI Act, 2005

Bar to seek ‘personal’ information under RTI Ac...

by Nathalia M Fenwick Right to privacy and Right to information are the two important sides of a democratic set-...

RES JUDICATA – CONCEPT AND IMPLICATIONS

RES JUDICATA – CONCEPT AND IMPLICATIONS

RES JUDICATA – MEANING AND ORIGIN Res means “subject matter,” and judicata means “adjudged” or “decided,” so the phrase means...

PROMISORY ESTOPPEL IN CONTRACT LAW

PROMISORY ESTOPPEL IN CONTRACT LAW

CONSIDERATION The word ‘contract’ is described as an agreement enforceable by law in section 2 of the Indian Contract Act,...

Principle of Vicarious Liability

Principle of Vicarious Liability

by Vaishnavi Adapala WHAT IS VICARIOUS LIABILITY? The term “vicarious liability” is made up of two words: “vicarious” and “liability.”...

Concept of State - Article 12

Concept of State - Article 12

by Sajal Awasthi Introduction Part III of the Indian Constitution talks about Fundamental Rights which are mentioned from Article 14...

Public Interest Litigation

Public Interest Litigation

By: Kiran Sona Puthan Introduction Public Interest Litigation (PIL) is a method or technique that tends to focus on the...

Difference between judge and magistrate

Difference between judge and magistrate

INTRODUCTION In the judiciary, magistrates and judges seem to be the same, but this is not the case. There are...

Concept of Locus Standi

Concept of Locus Standi

Introduction In the past, litigation in India was an expensive affair. Wealthy people were the only ones who took legal...

Impact of abolition of Film Certification Appellate Tribunal on copyright and cinema

Impact of abolition of Film Certification Appel...

By Kiran Sona Puthan Introduction The government abolished the Film Certificate Appellate Tribunal (FCAT) earlier this week by ordinance. The...

Contingent Contract

Contingent Contract

Introduction A contract comes into existence when one party has made an offer that another party has accepted. Acceptance is...

Remedies for breach of Contract

Remedies for breach of Contract

What is a Contract? The Indian Contract Act of 1872, Section 2(h), clearly describes a contract as: An agreement which...

Essential elements of Free Consent in view of Contract Act

Essential elements of Free Consent in view of C...

By Kiran Sona Puthan Introduction Consent that is freely given is referred to as free consent. According to Section 14...

Distinction between void contract and illegal contract

Distinction between void contract and illegal c...

Differences between void and illegal contracts No parties to an unlawful contract can seek any remedy from the courts of...

Defamation under torts

Defamation under torts

Defamation under Torts It is rightly pointed out in the ‘Bhagwat Gita’ that “for a man of honour, defamation is...

Malicious Prosecution

Malicious Prosecution

#What is Malicious Prosecution? The malicious prosecution can be defined as an institution of unsuccessful criminal, bankruptcy and liquidation proceedings...

Judicial activism – A complete reference

Judicial activism – A complete reference

#Introduction To Judicial activism As per the Constitution of India, the State plays a primary role in ensuring justice, liberty,...

Crash course on anticipatory bill

Crash course on anticipatory bill

Usually people misinterpret the word anticipatory bail with the Normal bail provisions as they mostly focus on word bail only....

Brief overview about Relevancy and Admissibility of facts

Brief overview about Relevancy and Admissibilit...

#A brief overview about Relevancy and Admissibility of facts RELEVANCY ADMISSIBILITY Relevancy as the term expresses, it is the facts...

Joinder, Mis-joinder and non-joinder

Joinder, Mis-joinder and non-joinder

A civil suit is where a party files a plaint in the court of law for claiming rights or to...

Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897

Epidemic Diseases Act, 1897

###INTRODUCTION Under this Article, we will study about the Colonial-era “Epidemic Diseases act” which is been invoked by the centre...

Difference Between Lockdown, Curfew And Section 144 CRPC

Difference Between Lockdown, Curfew And Section...

Due to the outbreak of the coronavirus all over the world several countries have issued lockdown in their various states...

Hierarchy Of Civil And Criminal Court

Hierarchy Of Civil And Criminal Court

There are students who often are not able to differentiate between the Civil and Criminal court. But today through this...

Rejection of Plaint

Rejection of Plaint

###Order VII rule 11(e) rejection of plaint We assume everyone is aware about what is plaint. Plaint is a document...

What is Ex-parte Order or Decree?

What is Ex-parte Order or Decree?

Ex-parte decree or order means that the court has adjudicated the matter even though one of the parties to the...

Judgement, Decree and Order - Complete Reference | ILMS Academy

Judgement, Decree and Order - Complete Referenc...

The decision given by the court of law are either decrees or orders, Whereas the decrees always follows the judgment...

What are John Doe orders in Copyright | ILMS Academy

What are John Doe orders in Copyright | ILMS Ac...

WHAT IS JOHN DOE? While filing any suit, it is imperative to provide name and address of the defendant so...

Geographical Indication and How to protect it

Geographical Indication and How to protect it

India is a land of wealth gifted with natural resources having high economic and commercial value. Rural regions possess exceptional...

Whar are New Age Digital Properties

Whar are New Age Digital Properties

New Age Digital Properties Digital products, services and concepts have revolutionized the world. But what actually is a digital property?...

Right To Information - Complete Reference | ILMS

Right To Information - Complete Reference | ILMS

It goes without saying that better informed citizens improve functionality of the Government and helps in propagating transparency and make...

What is the definition of a State ?

What is the definition of a State ?

WHAT IS A STATE? In broad terms, a political organization of society is known as State. It is a form...

Legal Assistants at Gujarat High Court (15 Vacancies, Rs. 20K/Month) last date 15th Dec 2018

Legal Assistants at Gujarat High Court (15 Vaca...

For official dsdsds notification -> https://hc-ojas.guj.nic.in/AdvtList.aspx?type=curr The High Court of Gujarat invites Online Applications from the Candidates with a Degree...

Online Law Courses a Gamechanger in 21st Century

Online Law Courses a Gamechanger in 21st Century

In the modern era, we are very keen to the technologies. The technologies were slowly addicting us to towards them,...

Trademark Filing in India - Process and Business Benefits

Trademark Filing in India - Process and Busines...

IPR is the rights given as a protection for the property created using his mind and labor. Trademark is a...